Forming Searches

4. FORMING SEARCHES

The following symbols can be used to add precision to basic and advanced searches:

AND Use to combine search terms to narrow your search Irving AND teaching will return results that contain both search terms
&& Can be used in place of AND Irving && teaching will return results that contain both search terms
OR Use to combine search terms to broaden your search Concordia OR Loyola will return results that include either Concordia or Loyola
|| Can be used in place of OR Concordia || Loyola will return results that include either Concordia or Loyola
NOT Use to narrow search results by excluding terms Concordia NOT Loyola will return results that contain the term Concordia but not the term Loyola
! Can be used in place of NOT Concordia ! Loyola will return results that contain the term Concordia but not the term Loyola
() Use to create research subgroups Concordia && (research AND teaching) will return results that contain both the terms research and teaching, as well as Concordia
“ “ Allows you to search exact phrases “La Centrale Galerie Powerhouse” will find “La Centrale Galerie Powerhouse” but not Powerhouse
* Multiple character wildcard allowing variations on a term to be searched Collect* will return results for collect, collects, collection, collections, and collecting
? A character wildcard Wom?m will return results for women and woman
+ Term after + must be in the result, while other terms may be in the result +faculty teaching returns results that must contain the term faculty, and may contain the term teaching
- Term after - must not be in the result, while other terms may be in the result -faculty teaching returns results that do not contain the term faculty, and may contain the term teaching