Fonds P195 - Bill Stewart fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Bill Stewart fonds

General material designation

  • Multiple media

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the fonds.

Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

P195

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • [188-]-2005 (Creation)
    Creator
    Stewart, Bill

Physical description area

Physical description

1.2 m of textual records (some electronic)
graphic material (237 photographs, about 200 drawings)
about 20 objects (military decorations, others)
13 maps
7 sound recordings (audio cassettes, vinyl disc)
4 postal covers
1 videocassette
2 CD-ROMS
1 diskette

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(February 28, 1914 - December 3, 2004)

Biographical history

William Archibald (Bill) Stewart, OBE (1914-2004) was born in Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec, February 28, 1914. He died in St. Lambert, Quebec, December 3, 2004. His father, Charles A. Stewart (d. 1960), a descendant of Scots who settled in Prince Edward Island in 1770, worked for the Temiscouata Railway Co.; he became president of the railway in 1940. His mother was A. Laura Walsh Stewart (d. 1982, age 94). Bill was the second eldest child, with five brothers and two sisters: E. Vaughan, Charles (m. Rolande Viel), Ruth (m. D. Ernie Burritt of Canadian Press), Anne T. (m. Bertrand Potvin), James Robert (d. 1995), Alan (m. Denise ?), and R. Lloyd (d. 1987). In 1946 Bill Stewart married Katherine Elizabeth (Kay) Young (b. Winnipeg, 1920, d. 2013). Kay and Bill Stewart had five children: Dugald (m. Ginette, children: Jonathan, Carine), Landon, Susan, John (had Charles-Antoine with Murielle Allain), and Janet (m. Marcelo ? , daughter Arlen).

Bill went to school in French at the Christian Brothers' Collège St-Patrice near Rivière-du-Loup. He began undergraduate studies at the University of Ottawa, but had to return home because the Depression diminished family resources. He ran the family farm and studied art by correspondence in 1932-1933. He continued to be active in visual art for a number of years thereafter, creating portraits, caricatures, and cartoons. Some are signed JF, a pseudonym he adopted when his artwork appeared in newspapers.

In 1933 he contributed articles to Canadian Press as a correspondent in Rivière-du-Loup. In 1934 he became a CP staff member in the Halifax bureau. He was to work in various positions with CP until retirement in 1979. In 1935-1936 he worked successively in Charlottetown , P.E.I. and Sydney, N.S., and St. John, N.B. In 1936 he was transferred to Montreal, then to CP's Toronto bureau. In 1937-1939 he was a correspondent in Quebec City. He served on the Montreal bureau editorial staff in 1940.

In 1941 CP stationed him in London to report on Canadian military personnel training there for the 1942 invasion of Dieppe. After a few weeks in North Africa in 1943, he covered Canadian action in the 1943 Sicily and Italian campaigns. In January 1944 he reported on action in northwest Europe. His eyewitness account of the Normandy D-Day invasion was among the first to reach the outside world.

In 1944, Stewart was the first Canadian correspondent accredited to the Southeast Asia Command; he was based in the Philippines where a Canadian force of army, air force and navy personnel was preparing to take part in an invasion of Japan, a plan that was abandoned when two atomic bombs were used against Japan in August 1945. Following the surrender of Japan, Stewart interviewed Canadians who had been taken prisoner by the Japanese in Hong Kong in 1941. Some of his dispatches from the Pacific war were signed with the pseudonym George Hawkes. In 1946-1947 he was CP's Far East correspondent, based in Australia.

In 1947 he became Quebec City bureau chief (1948-1952). He was a member of the Quebec Parliamentary Press Gallery. In 1952-1974 he was Montreal bureau chief. In 1951 he was instrumental in establishing CP's French service La Presse Canadienne, which he headed at its inception. (He was also involved in CP's radio service, Broadcast News, which offered service in English and French starting in 1945.) In 1954, he accompanied Canadian Prime Minister Louis St-Laurent on a world tour. He presided over coverage of Quebec's Quiet Revolution and the FLQ October Crisis of 1970.

He helped his friend Roger Lemelin developed scripts for the English-language version of La Famille Plouffe/The Plouffe Family, a popular series shown on the CBC 1954-1959.

From 1975 to 1979 he was a CP general executive, based in Montreal.

After retirement he continued writing, often on Quebec subjects, until the year he died, when he filed a story on the 60th anniversary of D-Day. He also did freelance translation. He was a member of the Canadian War Correspondents Association and served on its board of directors until his death.

Throughout his life he maintained an active correspondence with family members, friends, and colleagues, retaining a copy of many of the letters he sent.

In 1948 he was named an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in recognition of his wartime reporting. He was inducted into the Canadian News Hall of Fame in 1986. He was listed in Canadian Who's Who.

Custodial history

The fonds was transferred from Concordia University's Records Management and Archives Department to Concordia University Libraries' Special Collections February 17, 2016, April 12-13, 2016, April 19, 2016, April 21, 2016, and May 3, 2016.

Scope and content

The fonds documents William Stewart's early life, his family, his work as a World War II war correspondent, his later work as a journalist and executive with Canadian Press, and his activities in retirement. The fonds also documents the history of Canadian Press/La Presse Canadienne, Canadian politics, journalism, French-English relations in Canada, figures such as Roger Lemelin, J.W. Pickersgill, Claude Ryan, Clyde Gilmour, and other subjects.

The fonds includes news and feature articles by William Stewart in various forms (drafts, wire copy, clippings), correspondence received and sent, photographs, artwork, reports, newsletters, family documents, articles by other writers, and a small number of objects related to his work as a war correspondent and his later activity.

The materials are arranged in the following series:
P195/1 Early life, family, visual art, diaries, personal documents, honors and awards
P195/2 Correspondence with friends and colleagues
P195/3 Canadian Press
P195/4 Retirement, freelance activity
P195/5 Canadian Press War Correspondents' Association
P195/6 Canadian War Correspondents Association
P195/7 Research materials

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

The materials in the fonds were donated to the Concordia University Archives by Katherine Stewart with the help of John Stewart in June 2005 and December 2007.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English
  • French

Script of material

Language and script note

Some of the items are in French.

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

The CD-ROMs and some of the print-outs as well as a small number of hand-written or typed letters may not be accessed because they contain personal data. They have been placed in Box HA3342.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Reproduction for research or private study is permitted. Use of material in publications cannot be done without permission of the copyright holder.

Finding aids

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Accruals

General note

The textual records on 2 CD-ROMs (one is a backup copy of the other) that were created by William Stewart's son at the time the fonds was donated to Concordia University Archives have been printed out and the print-outs have been arranged with other records on paper according to the classification plan.

The diskette has not been read. However, the materials it contains were printed out by the creator of the fonds and are included in the materials that may be accessed.

General note

Copyright belongs to the creator(s).

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Status

Final

Level of detail

Full

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