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Authority record

Richardson, Boyce

  • BR1
  • Person
  • March 21, 1928-March 7, 2020

Boyce Richardson, journalist, writer and documentary filmmaker, was born in Wyndham, New Zealand, March 21, 1928. He was married for 56 years to teacher and poet Shirley (Norton) Richardson (d. 2007). They had four children. Richardson died in Montreal, Quebec, on March 7, 2020 at the age of 92.

Richardson began work as a journalist in New Zealand, then moved to Australia. He travelled in India, then moved to Britain, where he studied writing. He immigrated to Canada in 1954 where he worked first for The Winnipeg Free Press, before hemoved to Montreal and joined The Montreal Star in 1957. He was the Star's correspondent in London from 1960 to 1968. He became a full-time freelancer in 1971, interested in particular in First Nation issues. He wrote for National Film Board films. In these and the book Strangers Devour the Land (1976), he chronicled the assault on the hunting way of life of the Cree Indians of Quebec.

He co-won a 1961 National Newspaper Award for a series of articles on Canada and the European Economic Community. His film Cree Hunter of Mistassini won the British Society for Film and Television Arts Flaherty Award in 1974 and a Melbourne Film Festival Special Award. Other awards include a Golden Apple at the 1990 U.S. National Educational Film and Video Festival and a 1990 Red Ribbon Award at the American Film and Video Festival for Super-Companies. He was invested a Member of the Order of Canada in 2002.

Stewart, Bill

  • BS1
  • Person
  • February 28, 1914 - December 3, 2004

William Archibald (Bill) Stewart, OBE (1914-2004) was born in Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec, February 28, 1914. He died in St. Lambert, Quebec, December 3, 2004. His father, Charles A. Stewart (d. 1960), a descendant of Scots who settled in Prince Edward Island in 1770, worked for the Temiscouata Railway Co.; he became president of the railway in 1940. His mother was A. Laura Walsh Stewart (d. 1982, age 94). Bill was the second eldest child, with five brothers and two sisters: E. Vaughan, Charles (m. Rolande Viel), Ruth (m. D. Ernie Burritt of Canadian Press), Anne T. (m. Bertrand Potvin), James Robert (d. 1995), Alan (m. Denise ?), and R. Lloyd (d. 1987). In 1946 Bill Stewart married Katherine Elizabeth (Kay) Young (b. Winnipeg, 1920, d. 2013). Kay and Bill Stewart had five children: Dugald (m. Ginette, children: Jonathan, Carine), Landon, Susan, John (had Charles-Antoine with Murielle Allain), and Janet (m. Marcelo ? , daughter Arlen).

Bill went to school in French at the Christian Brothers' Collège St-Patrice near Rivière-du-Loup. He began undergraduate studies at the University of Ottawa, but had to return home because the Depression diminished family resources. He ran the family farm and studied art by correspondence in 1932-1933. He continued to be active in visual art for a number of years thereafter, creating portraits, caricatures, and cartoons. Some are signed JF, a pseudonym he adopted when his artwork appeared in newspapers.

In 1933 he contributed articles to Canadian Press as a correspondent in Rivière-du-Loup. In 1934 he became a CP staff member in the Halifax bureau. He was to work in various positions with CP until retirement in 1979. In 1935-1936 he worked successively in Charlottetown , P.E.I. and Sydney, N.S., and St. John, N.B. In 1936 he was transferred to Montreal, then to CP's Toronto bureau. In 1937-1939 he was a correspondent in Quebec City. He served on the Montreal bureau editorial staff in 1940.

In 1941 CP stationed him in London to report on Canadian military personnel training there for the 1942 invasion of Dieppe. After a few weeks in North Africa in 1943, he covered Canadian action in the 1943 Sicily and Italian campaigns. In January 1944 he reported on action in northwest Europe. His eyewitness account of the Normandy D-Day invasion was among the first to reach the outside world.

In 1944, Stewart was the first Canadian correspondent accredited to the Southeast Asia Command; he was based in the Philippines where a Canadian force of army, air force and navy personnel was preparing to take part in an invasion of Japan, a plan that was abandoned when two atomic bombs were used against Japan in August 1945. Following the surrender of Japan, Stewart interviewed Canadians who had been taken prisoner by the Japanese in Hong Kong in 1941. Some of his dispatches from the Pacific war were signed with the pseudonym George Hawkes. In 1946-1947 he was CP's Far East correspondent, based in Australia.

In 1947 he became Quebec City bureau chief (1948-1952). He was a member of the Quebec Parliamentary Press Gallery. In 1952-1974 he was Montreal bureau chief. In 1951 he was instrumental in establishing CP's French service La Presse Canadienne, which he headed at its inception. (He was also involved in CP's radio service, Broadcast News, which offered service in English and French starting in 1945.) In 1954, he accompanied Canadian Prime Minister Louis St-Laurent on a world tour. He presided over coverage of Quebec's Quiet Revolution and the FLQ October Crisis of 1970.

He helped his friend Roger Lemelin developed scripts for the English-language version of La Famille Plouffe/The Plouffe Family, a popular series shown on the CBC 1954-1959.

From 1975 to 1979 he was a CP general executive, based in Montreal.

After retirement he continued writing, often on Quebec subjects, until the year he died, when he filed a story on the 60th anniversary of D-Day. He also did freelance translation. He was a member of the Canadian War Correspondents Association and served on its board of directors until his death.

Throughout his life he maintained an active correspondence with family members, friends, and colleagues, retaining a copy of many of the letters he sent.

In 1948 he was named an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in recognition of his wartime reporting. He was inducted into the Canadian News Hall of Fame in 1986. He was listed in Canadian Who's Who.

Black Theater Workshop

  • BTW1
  • Corporate body
  • 1972-

The Black Theater Workshop (BTW), also known as the “Theatre B.T.W.," is an English-speaking theatre company located in Montreal, Quebec that “is committed to reflecting Black culture and community by developing and providing visibility for Black Canadian artists.”

Incorporated in 1972 as a non-profit organization, the BTW is the oldest Black theater company in Canada. Beginning in 1965 as the Trinidad & Tobago Association (TTA) Drama group with the goal of becoming a theatre for the whole Montreal community, the TTA drama group became the Black Theatre Workshop in 1971 with the presentation of How Now Black Man, written by Lorris Elliott and directed by Jeff Henry. To respect the rules of French language use in Quebec, the Workshop officially changed its name to “Theatre B.T.W.” in January 1984.

The mission of the BTW “is to encourage and promote the development of a Black and Canadian Theater, rooted in a literature that reflects the creative will of Black Canadian writers and artists, and the creative collaborations between Black and other artists.” The Black Theater Workshop primarily stages the work of Black Canadian playwrights and selects plays that deal with themes relevant to Black communities in Canada. Since the beginning of the 1980s, the Black Theater Workshop annually runs school tours as part of its regular season.

One of the 35 founding members of the BTW is Clarence Bayne, who also served as both president and artistic director during the first years of the theatre. Since 1991, he has been Vice-President of the organization’s Board of Directors. As Artistic Director, Clarence Bayne was followed by Errol Sitahal (1970s), Terry Donald (1970s), Dwight Bacquie (1983-1984), Lorena Gale (1984-1985), Don Jordan (1985-1988), Winston Sutton (1988-1994), Fleurette Fernando (1994-1996), Nancy Delva (1997-1999), Kate Bligh (1999-2001), Rachael Van Fossen (2001-2005), and Tyrone Benskin (2005-2011). Since 2011, Quincy Armorer has been Artistic Director at the BTW. The BTW is governed by a board of Directors, which is presently formed by Jacklin Webb (president), Dr. Clarence Bayne (vice-president), Dr. Horace Goddard (secretary), Phylicia Burke (treasurer), Yvonne Greer (member), and Allison DaCosta.

The BTW is the recipient of numerous awards, including various Montreal English Theatre Awards (META) and several Montreal’s English Critics Circle Awards (MECCA).

From 1976 to 1985, the BTW used Montreal’s Centaur Theatre performing space. In 1984, BTW opened its first administrative office, and started performing in a space rented from L’Atelier Contenu. In the 1990s, offices were located at 1827 Ste Catherine West. Since 2003, the workshop is using the spaces of the Montréal Arts Interculturels (MAI) Centre, located at 3680 rue Jeanne-Mance.

Vazan, Bill

  • BV1
  • Person
  • 1933-

Bill Vazan was born in Toronto in 1933. As an artist located in Montreal, for many years he worked with photography and video as well as doing sculpture, primarily with rocks. Vazan's work can be seen in galleries around the world. He was one of the artists involved in Corridart dans la rue Sherbrooke (1976).

Bayne, Clarence

  • CB1
  • Person

Clarence S. Bayne joined Sir George Williams University in 1966 as a lecturer in statistics. From 1967 to 1969, he was a lecturer in quantitative methods; in 1969 he was appointed assistant professor of quantitative methods. Following the merger of Sir George Williams and Loyola College to form Concordia University in 1974, he was appointed associate professor of quantitative methods. In 1987, he was made associate professor of decision sciences and management information systems. Dr. Bayne has been an advocate for the Black community in Montreal.

Corman, Cid

  • CC1
  • Person
  • June 29, 1924-March 12, 2004

Cid (Sidney) Corman was born in Boston, Massachusetts on June 29, 1924. His parents were of Ukrainian origin. Corman was an accomplished American poet, broadcaster and teacher. In 1945 Corman received his bachelors of arts from Tufts College. He completed graduate studies at the University of Michigan, University of North Carolina, and at the Sorbonne in Paris. He worked at WMEX Radio in Boston from 1949-1951. In 1951, he founded the poetry magazine Origin, and became editor of Origin Press. He stayed editor of Origin until 1984. Corman occupied a post as a private teacher in Italy from 1956-1957, and in Japan between 1956-1979. He married Shizumi Konishi in February 1965. Together, they moved to Boston during the early 80's, where Corman owned and operated the Sister City Tea House in 1981. They returned to Kyoto one year later, and opened a coffee shop. Corman stayed in Japan until his death on March 12, 2004 in Kytoto, Japan.

Corman’s publications include Aegis: selected poems 1970-1980, And the Word, For Granted, Once and For All, and Words for Each Other. Many of his works have been translated into Japanese.

Corman was the recipient of several awards, prizes, and grants including the Hopewood Prize, the Chapelbrook Foundation Grant, National Endowment for the Arts Grant and the Lenore Marshall Memorial Poetry Award for outstanding new book of poems from Book-of-the-Month Club.

Sparling, Clifford C.

  • CCS1
  • Person
  • 1896-1983

Clifford Sparling joined Sir George Williams College in 1952 as assistant professor of mathematics. In 1956 he was appointed associate professor of mathematics. From 1965 to 1972, he occupied this position on a part-time basis. He died in 1983, at the age of 87.

Duncan, Clyde

  • CD1
  • Person
  • November 23, 1912-March 6, 1973

Clyde Leonard Duncan was born on November 23, 1912 in Guelph, Ontario and died in Montreal on March 6, 1973. Born into a family of musicians, as a child he studied piano and music theory, then took up banjo and guitar and played in a high school band. He also studied accounting. Around 1933-1934 he moved to Montreal to join his brother Lloyd and played banjo and then bass in Myron Sutton's Canadian Ambassadors. From then on the bass was his main instrument. He was a member of the musicians' association, the Canadian Clef Club, where he served as vice-president (1935-1938) and later secretary (1940). He worked with Herb Johnson at the Roseland Ballroom in the late 1930s. In 1940 he joined the Army, and played for Army District No. 4 Band in Montreal before serving at the front in Europe. When he was discharged in 1945 he began working for CP Rail. The next year he moved to Val d'Or with his family and joined the Howard Gegear quintet at the Morocco Club. He worked full-time as a musician until 1951 when, for financial reasons, he moved with his family to Chibougamau. For the next 17 years he worked full-time as an accountant and part-time as a musician; he also gave private piano lessons and was active in the community. In 1968 he stopped working as a musician because of poor health. In 1972 he retired from accounting and returned with his family to the Pointe Saint-Charles district of Montreal.

Corridart dans la rue Sherbrooke

  • CDLRS1
  • Corporate body
  • July 7-13, 1976

Corridart dans la rue Sherbrooke was a major project of the Arts and Culture program of the international Olympic Games that opened July 17, 1976 in Montreal. Corridart was organized by the artist-architect Melvin Charney and coordinated by André Ménard of the Arts and Culture program of the Comité organisateur des jeux olympiques (COJO). It was funded by a $386,000 grant from the Ministère des Affaires culturelles of Quebec.

Initially proposed by Fernande Saint-Martin as a street art festival, Corridart ultimately adopted the theme of the street's role in the history and society of Montreal. A juried competition for Corridart was open to all Quebec artists; it terminated in December 1975, with a total of 306 submissions. The exhibition consisted of 22 projects. The presentation extended 5.5 miles along Sherbrooke Street between Atwater Avenue and the Olympic site at Pie IX Boulevard. Corridart took the form of a series of individual projects and a continuous assemblage known as Mémoire de la rue which wove together the installations and activities.

Corridart was scheduled to be on display from July 7-31, 1976. Artists began installing their work in June. On July 7, a vernissage to celebrate the opening of Corridart took place at the Université du Québec à Montréal art gallery on Sherbrooke Street. There were difficulties: there were acts of vandalism on some works and there were public protests by artists who were not involved in Corridart in protest against the granting process. Andy Dutkewych's Suspension Two was removed from its site in Lafontaine Park by the City Parks Department on July 7 because it was considered unsafe.

On July 13, Mayor Jean Drapeau and the executive committee of the City of Montreal ordered that the exhibition be dismantled. They alleged that the works contravened city by-laws regarding the occupation of public space, and that some of them represented a danger to public safety. However, newspaper reports quote a spokesman from the mayor's office who apparently stated that the exhibition was removed because it was ugly and obscene. With police protection, municipal employees dismantled most of the works, including the continuous assemblage, during the night of July 13. Several works were dismantled by their creators. The complete dismantling took three days. Several sculptures that had been situated on private property adjacent to Sherbrooke Street were left standing. The majority of the artworks removed by city workers were ruined or severely damaged. The minister of Cultural Affairs of Quebec, Jean-Paul L'Allier, ordered that the exhibition be replaced, but was ignored by city officials.

In the late summer of 1976, legal action was begun by several of the Corridart participants. In November, twelve Corridart artists began a civil suit against the City of Montreal for $350,000 in damages. Five years later a decision for the City was based more on Corridart's perceived aesthetic defects than on judicial precedent; authorities considered that too many of the works showed unfavourable images of the city, its people, and its growth. Although the artists began an appeal against this decision in 1982, the City of Montreal was able to stall the case. Finally, in 1988 when the appeal was about to be heard, the newly elected mayor Jean Doré offered an out-of-court settlement. The twelve artists involved in the case were collectively awarded $85,000. Almost 60 percent of the amount was used to cover legal fees, leaving each artist with token payment of about $3,000.

The following artists, architects, craftspersons, and performers were involved in Corridart dans la rue Sherbrooke: Archigrok (Tom Dubicanac with Ted Cavanagh), Pierre Ayot, Bruno Caroit, Jean-Serge, Champagne, Melvin Charney, Yvon Cozic, Monique Brassard Cozic, Marc Cramer, Gilles Dussureault, Andy Dutkewych, Le Groupe de l'Enfant Fort, Denis Forcier, Serge Gagnon, Laurent Gascon, Trevor Goring, Michael Haslam, Louis L'Abbé, Jean-Claude Marsan, Bob McKenna, Kevin McKenna, Guy Montpetit, Danyelle Morin, Jean Noël, Kina Reusch, Pierre Richard, Lucie Ruelland, Jean-Pierre Séguin, Françoise Sullivan, Claude Thibodeau, Bill Vazan, René Viau

An appendix to this finding aid lists the projects that made up Corridart dans la rue Sherbrooke, with the names of the creator(s) of each work, a brief description of the work, its location, and a list of photographs in the collection in which it is depicted.

In addition to the two stages that were included in the exhibition, other performances were held in connection with Corridart. These included chamber music concerts, poetry recitals (at Théâtre de Verdure du Parc Lafontaine), and shows by clowns and magicians at Parc Lafontaine and Carré St-Louis.

A related exhibition entitled Directions Montréal 1972-1976 was organized at the artist-run gallery Véhicule Art. The artists who created work for this exhibition were: Allan Bealy, Pierre Boogaerts, Charles Gagnon, Betty Goodwin, John Heward, Miljenko Horvat, Christian Knudsen, Suzy Lake, Claude Mongrain, Jacques Palumbo, Leopold Plotek, Roland Poulin, Henry Saxe, Roger Vilder, Hans Van Hoek, and Irene Whittome.

Fry, Christopher

  • CF1
  • Person
  • 18 December 1907 – 30 June 2005

Christopher Fry was an English poet and playwright. He was born in Bristol, England, on December 18, 1907, to Charles John Harris, a master builder and lay preacher in the Church of England, and Emma Marguerite Fry Hammond Harris. Born Arthur Hammond Harris, the playwright adopted the surname Fry for his maternal grandmother. In his late twenties he adopted the name Christopher Fry. Fry attended the Bedford Modern School, where he developed an appreciation for the theater. It is here that he wrote his first play at age 11. In 1929, after working briefly as a teacher, Fry devoted himself to the dramatic arts. In addition to acting, directing, and writing, he also ran a repertory company in Tunbridge Wells, which he founded in 1932. In 1939 Fry became the artistic director of the Oxford Playhouse.

Christopher Fry was a prolific playwright. Major theatrical works include: The Boy with a Cart (1938), The Tower (1939), A Phoenix too Frequent (1946), The Firstborn (1948), Thor, With Angels (1948), The Lady’s Not For Burning (1948), Venus Observed (1950), The Dark Is Light Enough (1954), and A Yard of Sun (1970). Adaptations include Ring around the Moon (1950) and The Lark (1955) by Jean Anouilh, Tiger at the Gates (1956), Duel of Angels (1958), and Judith (1962) by Jean Giraudoux, and Peer Gynt (1970) by Henrik Ibsen. Fry was also the screenwriter for the following movies: The Beggar’s Opera (1953), Ben-Hur (1959), The Bible: In the Beginning (1966), and Barabbas (1969).

Christopher Fry was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Play in 1956 for his adaptation of Giraudoux’s play Tiger at the Gates. He was awarded the Queen’s Gold Medal for Poetry in 1962. In the same year he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. In 1999 The Lady’s not for Burning was voted as one of the best plays of the twentieth century in a poll conducted by the National Theater. Fry died in Chichester, England, June 30, 2005.

Fleury, Christian

  • CF1
  • Person
  • 1965-

Christian Fleury was born in Sorel, Quebec in 1965. A graduate of the University of Waterloo in 1987, he started his professional photographer career in 1995 and founded his own company Van Schmôck et Gros Moineau which specialized in corporate, industrial, architecture, portrait, and motion photography.

The same year, he began working freelance at Concordia University where he covered numerous social events for academic and administrative units and his work was published in several university publications (e.g. The Thursday Report, the Concordia University Magazine, the Rector’s Report and various faculty newsletters). He also worked on several advertising campaigns for the University and among them, the Concordia’s Image Campaign in 2002.

Christian Fleury was Montreal’s CAPIC (Canadian Association of Professional Image Creators) Student Affairs Vice-President from 2006 to 2008 and a national board member and president of the Toronto chapter of the association from 2009 to 2013.

Gutsche, Clara

  • CG1
  • Person
  • 1949-

Clara Gutsche, a photographer, educator, and critic, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on April 20, 1949. She immigrated to Canada in 1970, where she has since lived and worked in Montreal. Gutsche studied visual arts at Concordia University and obtained her Masters of Arts in photography. Gutsche is a part-time faculty member teaching photography in the Studio Arts Department at Concordia University. Gutsche was a founding member of Powerhouse Gallery and participated in the gallery’s first exhibition, Windows: From the inside out: Painting, photography, ceramic and sculpture (1973). She was also involved in the activities of The Flaming Apron craft store.

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